15. Open Data
The two main sources of open data are from science and government. Following an intense discussion with data-producing institutions in member states, the OECD published in 2007 the OECD Principles and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding. In science, the Human Genome Project is perhaps the best example of open data and several national or provincial governments have created web sites to distribute a portion of the data they collect, such as the B.C. Data Catalogue in Canada.
Again, increasing amounts of important data are becoming openly available, providing more resources with high potential for learning.
The significance for teaching and learning of the developments in open access, OER, open textbooks and open data will be explored more fully in the next section.